Athens, Greece

Since the beginning of the 20th century, Greece has experienced two world wars, two dictatorships, several coups, two major refugee crises, and considerable economic difficulties. Against this turbulent political and social backdrop, marriage has maintained a central position in organizing people’s lives. Traditionally, getting married and having children meant achieving adulthood and were a means of attaining social recognition for both men and women. Motherhood was considered a ‘sacred’ duty, and marriage was a patriarchal institution in which men held legal authority over their families – until the introduction of a new Family Law in 1983. Under this new legislation, motherhood was given equal status to fatherhood – both parents had the right to decide over their children; abortion was legalized; children born out of wedlock were legitimized and the legal requirement for a bride to provide a dowry for her new husband ceased. The abolition of dowry, in particular, meant that women and their parents were no longer in the precarious position of striving to acquire enough money, property, and household objects in order to get married.  

Today in Greece, marriage has an impressive resilience, with relatively low rates of divorce, single parent families, and co-habiting unmarried couples compared to other European countries. Although new forms of family are becoming visible, ‘having a child’ remains the central aim for both women and men, and is closely linked to marriage. Based in a middle-class suburb of Athens, the research has focussed on how marriage has been transforming in recent decades and what these changes mean in emotional and affective terms for the conjugal relationship, for inter-generational familial transmission, and in terms of wider historical and politico-economic structures.